Here, we report a comprehensive profiling of sulfur(VI) fluorides (SVI-Fs) as reactive groups for chemical biology applications. SVI-Fs are reactive functionalities that modify lysine, tyrosine, histidine, and serine sidechains. A panel of SVI-Fs were studied with respect to hydrolytic stability and reactivity with nucleophilic amino acid sidechains. The use of SVI-Fs to covalently modify carbonic anhydrase II (CAII) and a range of kinases was then investigated. Finally, the SVI-F panel was used in live cell chemoproteomic workflows, identifying novel protein targets based on the type of SVI-F used. This work highlights how SVI-F reactivity can be used as a tool to expand the liganded proteome.